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Jatropha berlandieri Plants

Jatropha berlandieri Plants

Jatropha berlandieri is a flowering plant in the Euphorbia native to Texas and the states of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico. Its common names include "Jicamilla" and "Baseball Plant". Jatropha berlandieri grows scattered among the brush mainly on clay soil in hot, arid regions. It is a caudiciform plant adapted to prolonged periods of drought it can store water and survive many months without rain.

Jatropha berlandieri grows from an enlarged, tuberlike woody caudex. It is deciduous, losing both stems and leaves, and spends the winter dormant. The large caudex is globe-shaped, tan-white, and up to 8 inches wide and 12 inches tall, or more. This caudex grows underground in the wild but becomes exposed if cultivated in a container. Jatropha berlandieri stems reach 12 inches long, and have petioles up to 7 inches long. Leaves are gray-green, and bear 5-7 deep lobes, up to 4 inches long. Jatropha berlandieri flowers are bright pink to poppy-red, arrayed in loose clusters at the ends of long peduncles. Each inflorescence bears individual flowers up to ½ inch wide, 3-4 of which are female and 10-12 are male. It blooms throughout the growing season from February to November, mainly in summer. Fruit is a green, pea-like three-lobed capsule containing three seeds. Mature plants produce separate male and female flowers. This is a heat-tolerant and frost-tolerant plant down to the low 20s F.

Jatropha berlandieri Larger Plants
Jatropha berlandieri Smaller Plants
Jatropha berlandieri Larger Plants

Jatropha berlandieri Smaller Plants



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You’ll notice we list and price cycads by their caudex size (diameter in inches). The caudex is a cycad’s woody, bulblike trunk. Caudex diameter is a good measure of a cycad's age. The chart below can give you a rough idea of how this translates to pot size.

Caudex Size
Container Size
Up to 1 Inch 1-2 Gallon
1 Inch to 3 Inch 3-5 Gallon
3 Inches to 7 Inches 15 Gallon
7 Inches and Up 24 Inch Box


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Jatropha berlandieri Plants